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Political Science

Which challenges are more damaging to the territorial state’s monopoly on coercive and law-making power: those ‘from above’ or those ‘from below’?
This question contains three components – the state’s monopoly on coercive and law-making power, challenges to this power from above, and challenges to this power from below. In other words, you already have your areas from across both terms clearly defined for you. Regarding the first element, please do not take the state’s monopoly on coercive and law-making power for granted.

– globalisation and regionalisation as a challenge from above

– separatism/nationalism/the new regionalism as a challenge from below

THESE ARE THE SOURCES WHICH MUST BE USED IN THIS ESSAY!!

– REFERENCES FOR: Challenging the state from above

7.1 Lecture focus: Globalisation and regional integration
Essential reading
Dicken, P. (2004) ‘Geographers and “globalization”: (yet) another missed boad?’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 5-26
Supplementary reading
Bartolini, Stefano (2005) Restructuring Europe: Centre Formation, System Building, and Political Structuring between the Nation State and the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press
Christopherson, S., Garretsen, H. and Martin, R. (2008) ‘The world is not flat: Putting globalization in its place’, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 343–349
Dicken, P. (2001) ‘Trading Worlds’, in Johnston, R.J., Taylor, P.J., and Watts, M.J. (eds.) Geographies of Global Change: Remapping the World, Malden, MA, Blackwell, pp. 43-56
Friedman, T. (2005) The world is flat, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Held, D. (1999) Global Transformations: Politics, Economics and Culture, Stanford, Stanford University Press (esp. Ch. 1)
Herod, A., Toal, G. and Roberts, S.M. (1998) An unrulyworld? Globalization, governance, and geography, London, Routledge
Hirst, P.Q. and Thompson, G. (1995) ‘Globalization and the future of the nation state’, Economy and Society, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 408-442
Hirst,P.Q., Thompson, G. and Bromley, S. (2009) Globalization in question, 3rd ed., Cambridge: Polity
Jones, M. and Jones, R. (2004) ‘Nation states, ideological power and globalisation: can geographers catch the boat?’, Geoforum, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 409–424
Leamer, E.E. (2007) ‘A Flat World, a Level Playing Field, a Small World After All, or None of the Above? A Review of Thomas L Friedman’s The World is Flat’,Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 83-126.
Roberts, S.M. (2002) ‘Global Regulation and Trans-State Organization’, in Johnston, R.J., Taylor, P.J., and Watts, M.J. (eds.) Geographies of Global Change: Remapping the World, Malden, MA, Blackwell, pp. 143-157
Storey, D. (2001) Territory: The Claiming of Space, Harlow, Prentice Hall, Ch. 6
Taylor, P.J., Watts, M.J. and Johnston, R.J. (2001) ‘Geography/Globalization’ in Johnston, R.J., Taylor, P.J., and Watts, M.J. (eds.) Geographies of Global Change: Remapping the World, Malden, MA, Blackwell, pp. 1-17
Young, H.W. (1998) ‘Capital, State and Space: Contesting the Borderless World’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 291-309
– REFERENCES FOR: Challenging the state from below

8.1 Lecture focus: Nationalism, separatism and the ‘new regionalism’
Essential reading
Agnew, J. (2001) ‘Regions in revolt’, Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 103-110
Supplementary reading
Harvie, C. (1994) The rise of regional Europe, London, Routledge
Jeffery, C. (1996) Sub-National Mobilization and European Integration: Does it Make any Difference?, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 1-12
Johnson, N.C. (2002) ‘The Renaissance of Nationalism’, in Johnston, R.J., Taylor, P.J., and Watts, M.J. (eds.) Geographies of Global Change: Remapping the World, Malden, MA, Blackwell, pp. 130-142
Keating, M. (1997a) ‘The Political Economy of Regionalism’, in Keating, M. and Loughlin, J. (eds.) The political economy of regionalism, London, Routledge, pp. 17-40
Keating, M. (1997b) ‘The invention of regions: political restructuring and territorial government in Western Europe’, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 15, pp. 383-398
Keating, M. (1998) The New Regionalism in Western Europe, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar
Loughlin, J. (2007) ‘Reconfiguring the State: Trends in Territorial Governance in European States’, Regional and Federal Studies, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 385-403
Oberschall, A. (2000) ‘The manipulation of ethnicity: from ethnic cooperation to violence and war in Yugoslavia’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 982-1001
Paasi, A. (2001) ‘Europe as a Social Process and Discourse: Considerations of Place, Boundaries and Identity’, European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 8, No. 7, pp. 7-28
Paasi, A. (2009) ‘The resurgence of the “Region” and “Regional Identity”: theoretical perspectives and empirical observations on regional dynamics in Europe’, Review of International Studies, Vol. 35, S1, pp. 121–146
Storey, D. (2001) Territory: The Claiming of Space, Harlow, Prentice Hall, Ch. 5-7
Williams, C.H. (1997) ‘Territory, Identity and Language’, in Keating, M. and Loughlin, J. (eds.) The political economy of regionalism, London, Routledge, pp. 112-138
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